The 20 best space missions of the next decade (2023)

The 20 best space missions of the next decade (1)

It can be difficult to keep track of everything humanity is sending to the skies, so we've created a list of 20 missions for you to mark your calendars for all the exciting moments in space travel, planetary exploration, and even colonization can next decade.

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SpaceX Launches Starlink Fleet (2020)

The 20 best space missions of the next decade (2)

This will undoubtedly be one of the most watched missions over the next decade as SpaceX plans to launch 12,000 communications satellites into Earth orbit.Next year.

The plan has already ruffled its feathers.Dark sky advocates are concerned.The huge constellation of satellites can affect our ability to observe the starry sky. Others expressed concerns that the network mightmake Earth orbit too crowded, which can lead to accidents and eventually our inability to leave the planet.

SpaceX launches manned spacecraft flight (2020)

The 20 best space missions of the next decade (3)

That is ambitious, to say the least. Even Musk admitted it during oneSeptember 28 SpaceX eventin which the company's founder revealed his plan for the shiny new spaceship. Still, he's committed to sending an intrepid team into space over the next six months.

NASA Mars Rover launches to Mars (2020)

The 20 best space missions of the next decade (4)

NASA plans to send a rover to Jezero Crater on Mars with a launch window from July 17, 2020 to August 5, 2020. The launch is scheduled to take place in Florida from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station and the rover is scheduled to land on February 18th, 2021.

The duration of the mission is estimated to be around a Martian year, which of course equates to 687 Earth days, ifIt's like other Mars rovers, this search can be extended by aLargoTempo.The rover has undergone an upgrade that includes a stronger, "more powerful" wheel design and also allows for drilling so samples of Martian rock and soil can be examined.

You can follow the countdown to the startHere.

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ExoMars reaches the surface of Mars (2021)

The 20 best space missions of the next decade (5)

(Video) Top 20 Biggest Space Missions of the Next Decade (Part-1) | Infiniti Insight

During the same launch window as Mars 2020, this collaboration between ESA and Roscosmos aims to find out if life ever existed on the red planet. That plan has already been put into action: the Trace Gas Orbiter (TGO) was launched in 2016 to determine if methane or other gases are present on Mars, and the ExoMars lander was sent in 2017 to lead the eventual rover, but crashed in Osurface of the red planet.

Roscosmos to start offering spacewalks (2021)

The 20 best space missions of the next decade (6)

Russian agency Roscosmos has teamed up with Space Adventures to create a new onetourist destination... in space, and the Russian Space Agency is also planning to rebuild a decommissioned International Space Station ina luxury hotel.

The James Webb telescope finally begins its mission (2021)

The 20 best space missions of the next decade (7)

ÖJames Webb Space Telescopeis supposed to be the successor to the Hubble telescope and has one plannedthrowit dates to 2021, but that's after a long list of delays and setbacks. Webb will be launched with the help of the European Space Agency (ESA), which will provide an Ariane 5 rocket to launch Webb into orbit.

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India Enters Human Spaceflight Empire (2021-2022)

The 20 best space missions of the next decade (8)

The Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) plans to broadcast thefirst group of Indian astronautsin the period between 2021 and 2022 for about a week.

The astronauts (one of whom will be a military pilot) are scheduled to be selected for Gaganyaan (the spacecraft's nickname) later this year.

SpaceX launches a mission to Mars (2022)

The 20 best space missions of the next decade (9)

Elon Musk's company SpaceX plans to launch an unmanned spacecraftMissionin 2022 to "confirm water sources, identify hazards, and establish initial infrastructure for energy, mining, and life support."

By 2024, Musk wants SpaceX to send a manned spacecraft to Mars with the primary goal of "building a fuel depot and preparing for future manned flights," though SpaceX is quick to describe those goals as "ambitious."

China Launches Third Space Station (2022)

The 20 best space missions of the next decade (10)

Earlier this year, China reached ahistorical markLanding of the Chang'e 4 spacecraft on the far side of the moon, previously unknown area. This is a particularly exciting result as Chang'e 4 landed in the moon's oldest and deepest crater, which could shed new light on the moon's formation.

The country of over a billion does not stop there. In accordance withÖ New York Times,"China now plans to have its third space station fully operational by 2022, place astronauts on a lunar base later this decade, and send probes to Mars, including those that can return samples from the Martian surface to Earth."

(Video) Coolest Space Missions in the Next Decade!

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ESA creates asteroid insurance (2023)

The 20 best space missions of the next decade (11)

The European Space Agency (ESA) would like to have a method that detects "high-risk" asteroids weeks before they approach Earth. EITHERHeraThe mission is "humanity's first visit to a binary asteroid system" with a launch date in 2023.

SpaceX's first lunar tour (2023)

The 20 best space missions of the next decade (12)

Japanese entrepreneur, designer and art curator Yusaku Maezawa will be "the company's first private passenger to fly around the moon in 2023".

Recently, however, Maezawa revealed that he "within', so it remains to be seen if he can stick to the plan and make the trip.

Sample return from OSIRIS-REx asteroids (2023)

The 20 best space missions of the next decade (13)

The OSIRIS-REx mission, launched in 2016 to visit asteroid Bennu, is expected to return a 2.1-ounce sample of the rock body to Earth by 2023.

The spacecraft reached Bennu in November 2018 and returned several stunning images of the asteroid. These celestial bodies are remnants of the formation of the solar system and may have brought the building blocks of life to Earth. Scientists hope we can use these samples to learn more about the origins of life here on our home planet.

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NASA Artemis Mission to the Moon (2024)

The 20 best space missions of the next decade (14)

NASA has announced that it will send the first woman and next man to the moon by 2024.

(Video) 10 Exciting Space Missions of the Next Decade

ÖArtemis-Missionwill take astronauts to the south pole of the moon to learn about the availability of resources like water and test vital technologies that will be useful on future missions to Mars. Another goal will be to see how the human body withstands space missions over the long term. You will fly in the Orion spacecraft powered by Agency SLS rockets.

Essentially, it's handy for Mars.

JAXA takes a journey to the moons of Mars (2025)

The 20 best space missions of the next decade (15)

In March 2025, JAXA's Mars Moon Exploration Probe will orbit Mars before heading to Phobos to collect particles with a simple pneumatic system. The last attempt to capture a Phobos sample was the Russian Phobos Grunt mission in 2011, which failed in low Earth orbit.

If successful, the spacecraft will return to Earth five years later, hoping to shed light on whether the Martian moons are captured asteroids or the result of devastating impacts on the planet.

Extremely Large Telescope Images (2025)

The 20 best space missions of the next decade (16)

Some of the most exciting space projects are still taking place here on Earth. When completed at its site in Chile, the ETL will be the largest telescope in the world, capable of collecting 13 times more light than today's most powerful space telescopes.

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American Habitat Reaches the Lunar Portal (2025)

The 20 best space missions of the next decade (17)

NASA's Gateway, a cis-lunar orbital space station along with other international partners, will be an ongoing project into the 2020s, but once the US Habitat is delivered to the space station in 2025, the actual science will begin begin.

Current designs allow four astronauts to board the space station at the same time, and a host of planned moon landings will make the gateway a hub of space activity and a potential stepping stone to Mars.

NASA Sees the Psyche for the First Time (2026)

The 20 best space missions of the next decade (18)

The world will get its first close-up of Psyche, one of the 10 large asteroids in the Asteroid Belt that scientists believe is the exposed nickel-iron core of a protoplanet.

The mission, scheduled for launch in 2022, will take four years to reach its destination, but once there it will carry out groundbreaking science and provide images that will further illuminate our solar system.

NASA Dragonfly Mission to Titan (2026)

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(Video) Top 20 Biggest Space Missions of the Next Decade (Part-2) | Infiniti Insight Top Most

Belong-awaited missionto Saturn's icy moon Titan. The helicopter is scheduled to launch in 2026 and arrive on Titan in 2034, when it will begin studying the wide variety of environments on the moon.

Because Titan's atmosphere is so dense (four times denser than Earth's), Dragonfly will be able to transport its entire scientific payload to various locations across the ocean world for the 2.7-year mission. Titan has been compared to an early analogue of Earth, so scientists hope the mission will help understand how life evolved here on our home planet.

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ESA's JUICE Explorer reaches Jupiter (2029)

The 20 best space missions of the next decade (20)

However, this probe of the European Space Agency will not be exploredthreeJupiter's moons Ganymede, Callisto and Europa, and the gas giant itself. After its seven-year journey after launch in 2022, the probe will enter the Jovian system, but it will take another four years to reach Ganymede's orbit in 2033.

Galileo would be proud.

NASA Mission to Mars (2030)

The 20 best space missions of the next decade (21)

Technically, the date of this mission falls a year outside of our 10-year timeline, but we thought it was worth mentioning. NASA plans to send humans to Mars by 2030 (at the earliest).

NASA has a plan that presents5 phasestravel to Mars and issued aTransport plandescribes "an effort to extend the human presence deeper into the solar system through a sustained program of manned and robotic spaceflight".

The 20 best space missions of the next decade (22)

Margarida Hernandez

Daisy writes for Runner's World, Bicycling and Popular Mechanics. He received his Masters from ESU and loves everything pop culture, dinosaurs, cooking and reading.

The 20 best space missions of the next decade (23)

jennifer leman

Jennifer Leman is a Science Writer and News Editor at Popular Mechanics, where she writes and edits articles on science and space. A graduate of the UC Santa Cruz Science Communication Program, her work has been published in The Atlantic, Scientific American, Science News and Nature. Your favorite stories illuminate the many wonders and dangers of the earth.

(Video) Top 10 Upcoming Real Life Space Missions


The 20 best space missions of the next decade? ›

Europe's JUICE Mission to Europa (and more)

In April 2023, the European Space Agency will send their Jupiter Icy Moons Explorer, or JUICE, off to Jupiter. Upon entering orbit around Jupiter in 2031, JUICE will make detailed observations of the gas giant's three large ocean-bearing moons: Ganymede, Europa and Callisto.

What are the next 2 significant space missions planned for the near future? ›

  • 2029 June - DAVINCI+ - Launch of NASA Venus orbiter and atmospheric probe.
  • 2030 December 26 - Lucy - NASA asteroid mission makes third Earth flyby.
  • 2031 - VERITAS - Launch of NASA Venus orbiter.
  • 2032 - ENVISION - Launch of ESA Venus orbiter.

What is the next big space mission? ›

Europe's JUICE Mission to Europa (and more)

In April 2023, the European Space Agency will send their Jupiter Icy Moons Explorer, or JUICE, off to Jupiter. Upon entering orbit around Jupiter in 2031, JUICE will make detailed observations of the gas giant's three large ocean-bearing moons: Ganymede, Europa and Callisto.

What is the next space mission 2023? ›

The OSIRIS-REx mission will return to Earth on 24 September with samples collected from asteroid Bennu. NASA plans to launch the Psyche spacecraft, an orbiter mission that will explore the origin of planetary cores by studying the metallic asteroid 16 Psyche, in October 2023 on a Falcon Heavy launch vehicle.

What are NASA's future missions? ›

And NASA officials have set their sights on April 2023 for the first crewed launch. Boeing's CST-100 Starliner spacecraft launched on an uncrewed test flight on May 19, 2022. The Starliner is expected to round out NASA's plans to hand over the task of transporting astronauts to the ISS to the private sector.

What are the 3 latest developments in space explorations? ›

Here's our look back at the 10 biggest space stories of 2021.
  1. Discovery of Comet Bernardinelli-Bernstein. ...
  2. Amateur astronomer discovers a new moon around Jupiter. ...
  3. NASA will return to Venus this decade. ...
  4. The sun is reawakening. ...
  5. James Webb Space Telescope flies into space.
Dec 29, 2021

Are there any future space missions? ›

The Psyche spacecraft, part of NASA's Discovery Program, is scheduled to launch at the end of 2023 to 16 Psyche, a metallic object in the asteroid belt. 16 Psyche is 130 miles (210 km) wide, and it is made almost entirely of iron and nickel instead of ice and rock.

What is the Moon mission 2023? ›

On April 3, 2023, NASA announced the four astronauts who will make up the crew of Artemis II, which is scheduled to launch in late 2024. The Artemis II mission will send these four astronauts on a 10-day mission that culminates in a flyby of the moon.

What are the new spaceships being developed? ›

What is Orion? Orion is NASA's new spacecraft, built to take humans farther into space than they've ever gone before. It will carry the crew to space, provide emergency abort capability, sustain the crew and provide a safe return to Earth.

What will be the biggest space mission in the 21st century? ›

In 2019, US President Donald Trump announced the launch of the most ambitious of the NASA projects – Artemis, which involves landing astronauts on the Moon, both men and women, by 2025, and the construction of a lunar base as a transit point for further colonisation of Mars.

What will happen in space in 2025? ›

The first Indian crewed spaceflight, Gaganyaan 3, is planned for 2025. China plans to launch the Tianwen-2 (ZhengHe) asteroid sample-return and comet probe and the Chang'e 6 sample-return mission. As of 2021, the mission of the Juno spacecraft orbiting Jupiter is targeted to end no later than September 2025.

What will happen in 2024 in space? ›

NASA unveils Artemis II astronauts flying around the moon in 2024.

Will space be here forever? ›

Scientists now consider it unlikely the universe has an end – a region where the galaxies stop or where there would be a barrier of some kind marking the end of space.

What is the NASA Big Ideas Challenge 2023? ›

NASA's 2023 annual Breakthrough, Innovative and Game-Changing (BIG) Idea Challenge asks college students to design technologies that will support a metal production pipeline on the Moon – from extracting metal from lunar minerals to creating structures and tools.

What are the future missions for SpaceX? ›

As of 2023, SpaceX is developing the Starship system with a fully-reusable two-stage launch vehicle, intended to replace all of its other launch vehicles and spacecraft for satellite delivery and human transport—Falcon 9, Falcon Heavy and Dragon—and eventually support flights to the Moon and Mars.

What are the 4 types of space exploration? ›

First, with telescopes, then with satellites, then space rovers, and ultimately with manned spacecraft.

What is NASA trying to do right now? ›

The Space Launch System (SLS) Program will develop a heavy-lift launch vehicle to expand human presence to celestial destinations beyond low Earth orbit. This launch vehicle will be capable of lifting the Orion MPCV to asteroids, the moon, Lagrange points and, ultimately, to Mars.

What is the closest black hole to Earth? ›

Astronomers have discovered two new black holes that are the closest ones to Earth known, and also represent something that astronomers have never seen before. The black holes, designated Gaia BH1 and Gaia BH2, were discovered in data collected by the European Space Agency's (ESA) Gaia spacecraft.

What is NASA trying to do now? ›

NASA Artemis. With Artemis missions, NASA will land the first woman and first person of color on the Moon, using innovative technologies to explore more of the lunar surface than ever before.

What will replace the space station? ›

In December of 2021, NASA awarded three more contracts for “commercial destinations”: A team led by Nanoracks won $160 million to design its Starlab, a four-person station designed to be sent to orbit in a single launch that's now projected for 2028.

What is the 2024 NASA moon mission? ›

The mission, Artemis II, is scheduled to take place in November 2024 with the four-person crew circling the Moon but not landing on it. As part of the Artemis program, NASA aims to send astronauts to the Moon in 2025 — more than five decades after the historic Apollo missions ended in 1972.

What is the next US Moon Mission 2024? ›

The VIPER (Volatiles Investigating Polar Exploration Rover) is a lunar rover by NASA planned to be delivered to the surface of the Moon in November 2024.

What is the 2025 moon mission? ›

Following two Artemis test missions, Artemis III, currently planned for 2025, will mark humanity's first return to the lunar surface in more than 50 years. NASA will make history by sending the first humans to explore the region near the lunar South Pole.

What will power spaceships in the future? ›

Rockets lifting off from Earth will depend on chemical fuels for the foreseeable future. However, once in orbit, nuclear engines could take over and provide propulsion to accelerate spacecraft through space.

What is another future project in space exploration? ›

NASA's Artemis program will return humans to the Moon. The first crewed flight, Artemis II, is scheduled to launch in 2024.

Why does NASA not have a shuttle anymore? ›

After the Columbia loss in 2003, the Columbia Accident Investigation Board report showed that STS was risky/unsafe, and due to the expense to make Shuttle safe, in 2004, President G.W.Bush announced (along with the VSE policy) that Shuttle would be retired in 2010 (after completing the ISS assembly).

What is the #1 threat to space missions according to NASA? ›

1. Radiation. The first hazard of a human mission to Mars is also the most difficult to visualize because, well, space radiation is invisible to the human eye. Radiation is not only stealthy, but considered one of the most menacing of the five hazards.

What is the most complicated space mission? ›

Bengaluru: The most sophisticated and complex Mars mission has just departed Earth for the neighbouring planet. The NASA mission, called Mars 2020, consists of a rover and helicopter and was launched from Cape Canaveral in Florida, at 5.20 pm Thursday, atop the rocket Atlas V-541.

What was the biggest space mission failure? ›

The Space Shuttle Challenger was destroyed 73 seconds after lift-off on STS-51-L at an altitude of 15 kilometers (49,000 ft).

What happens every 176 years in space? ›

A Once-in-a-Lifetime Alignment

Calculations reveal it is possible for a spacecraft launched in the late 1970s to visit all four giant outer planets, using the gravity of each planet to swing the spacecraft on to the next. This alignment occurs once every 176 years.

What will happen in 2026 in space? ›

NASA's Nancy Grace Roman Space Telescope, which will have a field of view 100 times larger than that of the Hubble Space Telescope, is scheduled to be launched in October 2026. China plans to launch Chang'e 7 to explore the lunar south pole in late 2026.

How many years will space end? ›

In about 100 trillion years, the last light will go out. The bad news is that the universe is going to die a slow, aching, miserable death. The good news is that we won't be around to see it.

What happens in space every 100 years? ›

On average, a supernova explosion occurs about once every hundred years in the typical galaxy. About 25 to 50 supernovae are discovered each year in other galaxies, but most are too far away to be seen without a telescope.

What will happen to ISS after 2028? ›

The International Space Station will operate with all of its global partners through at least 2028. NASA announced Thursday that the United States, Japan, Canada and participating countries of the European Space Agency have committed to stay on the station through 2030.

Is there a comet coming in 2024? ›

April 8, the date of the 2024 eclipse, is just two weeks before the comet reaches perihelion, the closest point to the Sun in its orbit. On April 8, Comet Pons-Brooks will sit about 1.61 astronomical units from Earth, or nearly 150 million miles (240 million kilometers), on the opposite side of the Sun from our planet.

How far into space has a human gone? ›

In April 1970, the crew of NASA's Apollo 13 mission swung around the far side of the moon at an altitude of 158 miles (254 km), putting them 248,655 miles (400,171 km) away from Earth. It's the farthest our species has ever been from our home planet.

Does space have a smell? ›

We can't smell space directly, because our noses don't work in a vacuum. But astronauts aboard the ISS have reported that they notice a metallic aroma – like the smell of welding fumes – on the surface of their spacesuits once the airlock has re-pressurised.

How long would a human live in space? ›

After about one minute circulation effectively stops. The lack of oxygen to the brain renders you unconscious in less than 15 seconds, eventually killing you.

What mission is planned by NASA in 2029? ›

NASA wants to study asteroid Apophis with spacecraft fleet in 2029.

What is NASA planning for 2024? ›

NASA and SpaceX's eighth rotational mission to the space station is planned for no earlier than February 2024. An integrated crew of four will travel to the space station aboard a SpaceX Dragon and Falcon 9 rocket. Hardware allocations for Dragon and Falcon are planned in the coming months.

What is the future of space industry? ›

This growth in the global space sector is creating opportunities for new players and new offerings for incumbent ones. 2022 was a record year for the space sector, with 186 successful rocket launches (41 more than in 2021)—the most ever,2 signaling a rapid transformation of the space sector.

Where is Voyager 1 now? ›

Voyager 1 is currently in the constellation of Ophiucus.

What are 5 spinoffs from space exploration? ›

Well-known products that NASA claims as spinoffs include memory foam (originally named temper foam), freeze-dried food, firefighting equipment, emergency "space blankets", DustBusters, cochlear implants, LZR Racer swimsuits, and CMOS image sensors.

Who is leading in space exploration? ›

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration is America's civil space program and the global leader in space exploration.

What are the new space discoveries in 2023? ›

May 17, 2023 — Astronomers have discovered an Earth-size exoplanet, or world beyond our solar system, that may be carpeted with volcanoes. Called LP 791-18 d, the planet could undergo volcanic outbursts as often as ...

What are the 2 future missions planned by NASA and what is their mission? ›


Artemis I will be an uncrewed flight test of the Space Launch System and the Orion spacecraft around the Moon. Artemis II will be the first crewed flight test of the Space Launch System and the Orion spacecraft around the Moon.

What are SpaceX plans for the future? ›

With Starship, the California-based SpaceX is focusing on the moon for now, with a $3 billion NASA contract to land astronauts on the lunar surface as early as 2025, using the upper stage spacecraft. It will be the first moon landing by astronauts in more than 50 years.

What are the names of two space missions? ›

Human spaceflight
ProgramStart dateNotes
Project Mercury1958First U.S. crewed program
Project Gemini1961Program used to practice space rendezvous and EVAs
Apollo program1960Landed first humans on the Moon
Skylab1964First American space station
6 more rows

Does NASA have any planned or future missions to study Jupiter? ›

NASA plans to launch a spacecraft, Europa Clipper, to study the moon Europa in 2024. The Chinese National Space Administration plans to launch two Interstellar Express missions in 2024 on a flyby of Jupiter and Tianwen-4 around 2029 to explore the planet and Callisto.

What is the mission to Mars 2023? ›

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is training four people to live on planet Mars this summer. While the endeavor to send humans to the neighbouring planet on the part of the US space agency is not new, the four 'Martians' will be part of NASA's human exploration expedition on Mars.

What is SpaceX ultimate goal? ›

It was founded in 2002 by Elon Musk with the stated goal of reducing space transportation costs to enable the colonization of Mars. The company manufactures the Falcon 9, Falcon Heavy, and Starship launch vehicles; several rocket engines; Cargo Dragon and Crew Dragon spacecraft; and Starlink communications satellites.

What are SpaceX goals for 2023? ›

SpaceX is less than a month into 2023, but CEO Elon Musk's wildly ambitious goal of 100 launches in one year is already looking doable. Announced last August, Musk's 100-launch 2023 target followed goals of 52 – and then 60 – Falcon rocket launches in 2022.

What is the most famous space mission? ›

The Apollo 11 spaceflight, which on July 20, 1969, achieved its goal of landing the first humans on the Moon, was arguably one of the most momentous events in 20th-century space exploration.

What was the most successful NASA mission? ›

NASA's Magellan mission to Venus was one of the most successful deep space missions. It was the first spacecraft to image the entire surface of Venus and made several discoveries about the planet.

What is NASA's most famous mission? ›

1: Apollo 11, a Walk on the Moon

Just 20 days after Alan Shepard orbited the Earth, President John F. Kennedy announced the mission that would be NASA's greatest achievement: America was going to the moon.

Why can't we land on Jupiter? ›

Surface. As a gas giant, Jupiter doesn't have a true surface. The planet is mostly swirling gases and liquids. While a spacecraft would have nowhere to land on Jupiter, it wouldn't be able to fly through unscathed either.

Which planet has never been visited by a spacecraft? ›

Not much is known about Pluto, the only planet that has not been visited by an explorer spacecraft, and our best image of its surface is a hazy picture taken by the Hubble Space Telescope in 1996. The mission will also study the surrounding Kuiper Belt, which is made up of thousands of icy, rocky objects.


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